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Canada Community Health Survey

Canada Community Health Survey

The primary use of the CCHS data is for health surveillance and population health research. Federal and provincial departments of health and human resources, social service agencies, and other types of government agencies use the information collected from respondents to monitor, plan, implement and evaluate programs to improve the health of Canadians. Researchers from various fields use the information to conduct research to improve health. Non-profit health organizations and the media use the CCHS results to raise awareness about health, an issue of concern to all Canadians.

Subjects covered include:

  • Diseases and health conditions
  • Health
  • Health care services
  • Lifestyle and social conditions
  • Mental health and well-being

CCHS content is comprised of two components. Core content is asked of all respondents and remains stable over time. Theme content is asked of all respondents for one or two years and alternates from year to year.

Measurement and sampling

The CCHS is a national cross-sectional survey that collects information related to health status, health care utilization and health determinants for the Canadian population.  It relies upon a large sample of respondents and is designed to provide reliable estimates at the health region level every 2 years. 

A sample of approximately 65,000 respondents are interviewed. The CCHS covers the population 12 years of age and over living in the ten provinces and the three territories. Excluded from the survey's coverage are: persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements in the provinces; full-time members of the Canadian Forces; the institutionalized population, children aged 12-17 that are living in foster care, and persons living in the Quebec health regions of Région du Nunavik and Région des Terres-Cries-de-la-Baie-James. Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the Canadian population aged 12 and over. 

The sample is selected to represent the population of the country by, age, sex and region. In each health region approximately equal proportions of individuals or each age and sex were selected to complete the survey.

To be included in the CCHS from 2003-2014, Canadians needed to have at least one of the following: a residence known to Statistics Canada, a telephone number listed in the Canada Phone directory (excludes cell numbers and unlisted numbers) or a telephone number included in the random digit dialing sample selection.  This means that marginalized and transient populations are likely to be excluded from the CCHS.

One person per household completes the survey. Data are collected directly from survey respondents by phone interviews.

With respect to some questions and some domains the Huron County Health Unit and the Perth District Health Unit provided were required to provide special local tabulations. This is noted where appropriate.

Respondents in Perth and Huron were compared to Ontario health regions from a peer group with similar characteristics to Huron and Perth Counties, specifically Peer Group D. This group includes those health unit regions which are primarily rural with a low aboriginal population:

Huron County Health Unit

Perth District Health Unit

Grey Bruce Public Health

Renfrew County and District Health Unit

 

Limitations

These data are self-reports. self-reported data may be subject to a number of survey biases, including social desirability bias (when asked questions of a sensitive nature, respondents may give an answer that they believe to be socially acceptable), response bias (differences between those who respond to the survey and those who don't) or recall bias (being unable to recall the information to accurately answer the question)

Those without landline phones were not surveyed from 2003-2014.

 

References

Canadian Community Health Survey - Annual Component (CCHS) Detailed Information for 2014 [Internet].Ottawa (ON): Statistics Canada; [updated 2015 Apr 20; cited 2016 Oct 27]         Retrieved from: http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&Id=164081

 

Region of Peel. Peel Public Health. Retrieved from: https://www.peelregion.ca/health/statusdata/DataSources/HSD12_2.asp


 
 
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